MODULE 1 : TECHNOGRAHIS
Faculty and research students, technical professionals, Central/States/ULB officials, construction agencies, builders/ developers, start-ups/entrepreneurs/innovators and other concerned stakeholders who seek to know about the LHPs and technologies are termed as Technograhis. They will be change agents to bring about technology transition in the construction sector and its adoption in the country. They will act as catalysts to transform the urban landscape for the ‘New Urban India’ for fulfilling the vision of ‘AatmaNirbhar Bharat’.
Hon'ble Prime Minister laid the foundation stone of six Light House Projects (LHPs) in Indore, Ranchi, Agartala, Lucknow, Rajkot and Chennai on 1 January 2021. Taking inspiration from Hon'ble Prime Minister's vision, these LHPs are promoted as Live Laboratories for learning, facilitating transfer of technology to the eld and its further replication. The objective of Live Laboratories is to encourage large scale citizen participation and create technical awareness for technical learning, learning by doing, nding ideas for solutions, experimentation and encouraging innovation.
An online drive for Enrolment of TECHNOGRAHIS under GHTC-India: Light House Projects was launched by Secretary, MoHUA on 16 February 2021.
Technograhis are the Change Agents of innovative and sustainable technologies who will bring about technology transition in the construction sector for its adoption & replication in the country. They will act as Catalysts to Transform the Urban Landscape for New Urban India to full the vision of AatmaNirbhar Bharat.
MODULE 2 : KNOW ABOUT PMAY(U)
Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana – Urban (PMAY-U), a flagship Mission of Government of India being implemented by Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs (MoHUA), was launched on 25th June 2015. The Mission addresses urban housing shortage among the EWS/LIG and MIG categories including the slum dwellers by ensuring a pucca house to all eligible urban households by the year 2022, when Nation completes 75 years of its Independence. PMAY(U) adopts a demand driven approach wherein the Housing shortage is decided based on demand assessment by States/Union Territories. State Level Nodal Agencies (SLNAs), Urban Local Bodies (ULBs)/ Implementing Agencies (IAs), Central Nodal Agencies (CNAs) and Primary Lending Institutions (PLIs) are main stakeholders who play an important role in implementation and success of PMAY(U).
The Mission covers the entire urban area consisting of Statutory Towns, Notified Planning Areas, Development Authorities, Special Area Development Authorities, Industrial Development Authorities or any such authority under State legislation which is entrusted with the functions of urban planning & regulations. All houses under PMAY(U) have basic amenities like toilet, water supply, electricity and kitchen. The Mission promotes women empowerment by providing the ownership of houses in name of female member or in joint name. Preference is also given to differently abled persons, senior citizens, SCs, STs, OBCs, Minority, single women, transgender and other weaker & vulnerable sections of the society. A PMAY(U) house ensures dignified living along with sense of security and pride of ownership to the beneficiaries.
PMAY(U) adopts a cafeteria approach to suit the needs of individuals based on the geographical conditions, topography, economic conditions, availability of land, infrastructure etc. The scheme has hence been divided into four verticals as given below:
Click to Know more..
MODULE 3 : GHTC-INDIA
The Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs, Government of India has conceptualized a Global Housing Technology Challenge - India (GHTC- India) which aims to identify and mainstream a basket of innovative technologies from across the globe that are sustainable and disaster-resilient.
Such technologies would be cost effective, speedier and ensure a higher quality of construction of houses, meeting diverse geo-climatic conditions and desired functional needs. The GHTCIndia platform aspires to provide an eco-system for the adoption of innovative technologies in the housing construction sector in a holistic manner. Lighthouse projects are envisaged that will be built using these innovative technologies and further support will be provided to upcoming domestic technologies to foster an environment of research and development.
Conceptualised through extensive consultations with various stakeholders, GHTC-India leverages the scale and successes of the Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana (Urban) and its
Technology Sub-Mission. It furthers the transformative vision of the Hon’ble Prime Minister and his belief in technological advances to rapidly deliver low-cost housing that meets stringent environmental, societal, quality and economic standards.
To enable a technology transition, GHTC-India will encourage participation from across the affordable urban housing and construction sectors, such as technology providers, researchers, start-ups, developers, academia, public sector agencies, and civil society organizations. Details of participation will be progressively updated on the challenge website ghtc-india.gov.in
MODULE 4 : LIGHT HOUSE PROJECTS
Light House Projects (LHPs) mean housing projects being constructed using shortlisted proven innovative technologies under GHTC-India, suitable to the diverse geo-climatic and hazard conditions of the region. Six LHPs are being constructed in different regions of the country at Chennai, Lucknow, Indore, Rajkot, Ranchi and Agartala with minimum 1,000 houses with allied infrastructure at each location using six distinct technologies. These are called Light House Projects as they will have demonstrative effect, wherein people from all sectors such as engineering, planning, architecture, academia, builders/developers, innovators, policy makers amongst others will be able to see and get to learn the use of innovate technologies on ground.
What is the purpose of Light House Projects?
Light House Projects have been introduced for familiarization, adoption and adaption of the innovate technologies, materials and processes suited to Indian geo-climatic and other conditions so that they may be replicated for construction in other construction projects of Government bodies and private sector.
MODULE 5 : LEARNING ABOUT INNOVATIVE TECHNOLOGIES
Emerging Construction Systems for Mass Housing Click to view
This film presents the EPS based Panel System which is basically based on factory made composite panel consisting of combination of self-extinguishing polystyrene corrugated / plain sheet and required thickness, sandwiched between two layers of engineered sheet of high strength galvanized cold steel wire mesh inter connected to each other with high strength steel connectors. The main function of the core is to provide thermal and sound insulation and its thickness and type depend on its thermal resistance and design temperature. The truss formed with the galvanized wires gives the desired structural strength to the panel.
The EPS panels are manufactured in different types depending upon the application.The EPS Technology is in use in many countries under different forms and brand names.
This film explains Monolithic Concrete Construction system which is a cast in place monolithic reinforced concrete structure system of high quality with rapid construction cycles. The systems enable to cast walls, beams, columns, stairs and slab of concrete in one continuous pour. The structure is designed as RC load bearing shear walls and slabs. Monolithic casting of slabs along with RC walls results in a box type structure, which is very strong in resisting horizontal forces due to wind and earthquakes. This engineered formwork system is designed based on the drawing of the structure and manufactured in the factory.
The formwork system has emerged as one of the accepted emerging technology for mass housing. In spite of some limitations, which can be overcome easily with proper planning, this construction system brings speed, quality and durability and economy in construction. Such systems are key to meeting the demand for efficient, Sustainable mass housing.
This film presents Precast or Prefabricated concrete Construction System in which majority of structural components are standardized and produced in controlled environment at a factory or manufacturing site in a location away from the proposed building and then transported to the site for assembly.
Precast RCC framing elements such as columns, beams and stairs are used to form the framed structure. The reinforced precast solid slabs for floors and roofs may be of normal weight or light weight concrete.
This film explains Light Gauge Steel Structure System in which Light Gauge Steel Sections are formed in cold state from galvanized steel sections of thickness usually ranging from 1 mm to 3 mm. Galvanizing of the preformed coil provides satisfactory protection against corrosion in extreme environments. The system is based on erection of a base structure, by assembly of factory made cold formed galvanized light gauge steel sections and subsequently fixing of panelling materials to form walls and floors with/without insulting materials.
It is a well established technology for residential construction in North America, Australia and Japan and is now gaining ground in India because of its versatility and suitability for range of lighter load bearing applications.
In this film, three different Stay in Place formwork systems, evaluated and recommended by the Building Material and Technology Promotion Council for mass housing have been explained which are Structural Steel Stay in place system (Coffor), Double wall EPS panel system and Insulated concrete formwork.
Many new formwork systems have been developed; amongst which Stay in Place Formwork Systems have many advantages. After concrete pouring and hardening, this type of Formwork systems remain in place as an integral part of the structure and contribute to the structural integrity, durability and even aesthetics of concrete elements.
This films explains the Glass Fibre Reinforced Gypsum (GFRG) Panel system which is also branded as Rapidwall, a building panel product, made of calcined gypsum, plaster, reinforced with glass fibers, for Mass-scale building construction.
The panel, manufactured to a thickness of 124mm under carefully controlled conditions to a length of 12 m and height of 3m, contains cavities that may be unfilled, partially filled or fully filled with reinforced concrete as per structural requirement. GFRG panel can also be used advantageously as in-fills (non-load bearing) in combination with RCC framed columns and beams (conventional framed construction of multi-storey building) without any restriction on number of stories micro-beams and RCC screed (acting on T-beam) can be used as floor/ roof slab.
The lecture on “Emerging Construction Systems-Introduction, Opportunities, Challenges” covers, existence of various types of construction systems prevailing in the world, need of alternate construction systems, conceptualization of Global Housing Technology Challenge (GHTC-India), short listing of technologies under GHTC-India, construction of 6 Light House Projects with different alternate technology and benefits of alternate construction systems.
The lecture on “Emerging Construction Technologies Promoted through PACs/BMTPC/CPWD/GHTC-India” covers overall view of PMAY-Urban scheme, constraints of conventional building systems/materials, challenges of construction industry, present need of new technologies, emerging construction systems & trends, parameters of evaluation of technology, mechanism for evaluation, various alternate technologies under various categories.
The lecture on “Formwork Systems-Introduction, Concepts and its Features, Design Philosophy” covers requirement of good formwork, causes of failure of formwork, advantages of specialized form work, essential requirements of formwork, brief on centering & shuttering, design of formwork & philosophy, common deficiencies in design, types of formwork, removal of formwork, formwork requirements for faster & quality construction, specialized formwork i.e. jump formwork, aluminium formwork, tunnel formwork etc.
The lecture on “Formwork Systems-Construction Methodology, Implementation and Case Studies” covers introduction to Affordable and Mass Housing, types of structures & formwork for housing projects, comparison of various formwork systems, construction methodology, technology transition in formwork for using at various places like vertical, horizontal, wall etc. engineering stages and implementation of Aluminum formwork system with case studies.
The lecture on “Stay-in-place Formwork Systems - Introduction, Concepts and its Features” covers limitation of existing formwork system, need of stay-in-place (SIP) formwork, research in SIP, Insulated Concrete Forms (ICF) and its different modules, structural SIP system, PVC based SIP system, FRP based SIP form system, structural behavior of FRP SIP, effect of PVC SIP on mechanical performance of concrete, thermal behavior of building, brief on Energy Conservation Building Code.
The lecture on “Stay-in-place Formwork Systems-Construction Methodology, Implementation and Case Studies” covers challenges in Indian residential construction, about stay-in-place formwork technology, components of the system, construction process like (surveying & letting out, bottom track fixing, wall panel installation, re bar installation, services, doors & windows, pre-pour inspection, concreting, post pour inspection), comparison of construction works, suitability for affordable housing, case studies.
The lecture on “Precast Sandwich Panel Systems - Introduction, Concepts, Construction Methodology, Implementation and Case Studies” covers need of prefabrication, sandwich panel definition, about sandwich panel system, casting of precast panel, brief on precast sandwich panel system ( details of withes, shear connectors, core material/insulation), applications of sandwich panels, about EPS core panel system (installation, connections, design philosophy, design examples, construction sequences, quality control, limitations), sandwich puff panels, structural insulated panels, rapid panel system, quick build 3D panels, field experiences.
The lecture on “GFRG Panel Systems- Introduction, Concepts, Construction Methodology, Implementation and Case Studies” covers introduction of Glass Fibre Reinforced Gypsum (GFRG) panels, concepts and features of GFRG panels, advantages and limitations, design principles, mechanical properties, unfilled/filled GFRC panels, design of GFRG panels, construction methodology (construction of foundation, construction of super structure, laying of slabs), waterproofing of GFRG building system, Finishing, quality control, lifting & erection of panels, projects executed with GFRG panels.
The lecture on “Steel Structural Systems- Introduction, Concepts and its Features” covers role of steel in economic growth, details of composition & types of steel, structural steel, hot rolled steel, cold-formed steel, description stick-built structural system (platform & balloon system), evolution of steel usage in construction, steel usage in infrastructure & buildings, pros and cons of steel using as construction material, steel for mass housing projects, types of steel failure, case study.
The lecture on “Steel Structural Systems- Construction Methodology, Implementation and Case Studies” covers common steel structures, factors considered during steel design, fabrication & erection (surface cleaning, cutting & machining, punching & drilling, fasting methods, handling & transportation, storage), steel frame construction in buildings, conventional steel framing, bolted steel construction, light gauge steel construction, detail of light gauge steel frame (LGSF) construction (advantages, components of LGSF construction, design, construction sequences, construction detail & various case studies). Various case studies of steel construction, use of steel as (cladding, fencing, gates etc.), steel container homes, stainless steel uses in interiors.
The lecture on “Light Gauge Steel Frame (LGSF) Systems- Introduction, Concepts and its Features” covers about cold framed steel, advancement in construction methods, why use LGSF system, manufacturing methods of cold-formed steel, fabrication types, history of cold-formed steel, CFS design codes, trend of CFS construction in India, structural behavior of CFS, common section profiles & applications, connections, testing of CFS columns at IIT Hyderabad, advantages of LGSF.
The lecture on “Light Gauge Steel Frame (LGSF) Systems - Construction Methodology, Implementation and Case Studies” covers manufacturing process of cold-formed sections, major components in LGSF, methods of LGSF construction, various stages of construction (foundation, track laying, flooring system, assembly of frames, cladding, roof system, fixing doors & windows, electrical & plumbing conduits, pros & cons of LGSF construction, various case studies.
The lecture on “Precast Concrete Buildings - Introduction, Concepts and its Features” covers about early efforts in India on Precast construction, advantages of Precast Concrete, an overview (wall type multistoried buildings, frame type or dual type multistoried buildings, advantages in foundation & underground structures, structural analysis & design of precast construction, Prestressed Precast concrete, Seismic Design of Precast Structures, Materials, Properties and Products requirements for Precast Concrete, Joints and Connections in Precast Buildings, Production, Handling and Erection of Precast Elements, Quality Control and Assurance in Precast Products, various case studies.
The lecture on “Precast Concrete Buildings - Construction Methodology, Implementation and Case Studies” covers Overall Structural Systems, Skeletal Frame System (Low Rise Portals and Frames, Multi Storeyed Frames, Wall System), Cell or Box System, Hollow Block System, roof & floor systems, various components of precast system (beams, columns, girders, roof units, floor units, wall units, facade units, foundation units), use of units for Miscellaneous Applications.
The lecture on “3D Precast Volumetric System- Introduction, Concepts and its Features” covers levels of construction technology, about 3D Monolithic Modular Precast, advantages of 3D Monolithic Modular Precast, 3D Monolithic Modular Precast Process, about various projects, technology detail, casting yard, process covering (steel, MEP conduits, windows & doors, concrete, demoulding, transportation, erection), about production flow, erection sequences, structural details, various case studies.
The lecture on “3D Precast Volumetric System- Construction Methodology, Implementation and Case Studies” covers need of volumetric construction, types of industrialized construction, about technology, benefits of technology, earthquake resistance design, modularization of floor plan, production process flow, types of pods, casting process, finishing, transport & installation, comparison with conventional system & various other systems, various case studies.
An already established System for building construction in China, Australia, African and Gulf countries, this factory made Prefabricated Sandwich Panel System is made out of cement or calcium silicate boards and cement mortar with EPS granules balls, and act as wall panels. These replace conventional brick & mortar walling construction practices and can be used as load-bearing and non-load bearing walling for residential and commercial buildings. For buildings higher than single storey, the system can be used either with RCC or steel framed structure.
In this system the EPS Cement Panels are manufactured at the factory in controlled condition, which are then dispatched to the site. The panels having tongue and groove are joint together for construction of the building.
In ‘TunnelForm’ technology, concrete walls and slabs are cast in one go at site giving monolithic structure using high-precision, re-usable, room-sized, Steel forms or moulds called ‘TunnelForm’. An already established System for building construction in many countries, this system intends to replace the conventional RCC Beam-Column structure which uses steel/plywood shuttering. ‘TunnelForm’ system uses customised engineered steel formwork consisting of two half shells which are placed together and then concreting is done to form a room size module. Several such modules make an apartment.
An already established technology for building construction, Precast concrete construction is a system where the individual precast components such as walls, slabs, stairs, column, beam etc, of building are manufactured in plant or casting yard in controlled conditions. The finished components are then transported to site, erected & installed.
The technology provides solution for low rise to high rise buildings, especially for residential and commercial buildings.
The construction process comprises of manufacturing of precast concrete Columns, Beams and Slabs in steel moulds. The reinforcement cages are placed at the required position in the moulds. Concrete is poured and compaction of concrete is done by shutter / needle vibrator. Casted components are then moved to stacking yard where curing is done for requited time and then these components are ready for transportation and erection at site. These precast components are installed at site by crane and assembled together through in-situ jointing and/or grouting etc.
An already established System for building construction in Japan, Australia & North America; Light Gauge Steel Frame (LGSF) System uses factory made galvanized light gauge steel components. The components/sections are produced by cold forming method and assembled as panels at site forming structural steel framework upto G+3 building. LGSF is used in combination with pre-engineered steel structural system for buildings above G+3 for longevity, speedier construction, strength and resource efficiency.
The sequence of construction comprises of foundation laying, fixing of Pre-Engineered Steel Structural System, fixing of tracks, fixing of wall panels with bracings as required, fixing of floor panels, decking sheet, fixing of electrical & plumbing services and finally fixing of concrete walling panels with light weight concrete as infill. The other options of dry walling components such as sandwich panels with insulation material in between can also be used. Similarly, the floors can either by composite slab/deck slabs/precast hollow core slabs as per the need & requirements.
Already in use in Canada & Australia, the plant manufactured rigid poly-vinyl chloride (PVC) based polymer components serve as a permanent stay-in-place finished form-work for concrete walls. The formwork System being used acts as pre-finished walls requiring no plaster and can be constructed instantly.
This System is suitable for residential and commercial buildings of any height from low rise to high rise. In order to achieve speedier construction, strength and resource efficiency, the composite structure with Pre-Engineered Steel Structural System as structural members is being used in the present project.
Construction is done in a sequential manner where at first, the Prefabricated PVC Wall panels and Pre-Engineered Steel Structural Sections as per the design are transported to the Site. Then, these Sections are erected on the prepared foundation using cranes and required connections. Floor is installed using decking sheet. Once the structural frame and floor is installed and aligned, wall panels are fixed on decking floor. The pre-fabricated walling panels having provisions of holes for services conduits, are fixed along with the reinforcement & cavities inside the wall panels are filled with concrete. Upon installment of wall panels, flooring and ceiling, the finishing work is executed.
Compendium of Innovative Emerging Technologies shortlisted under Global Housing Technology Challenge – India, provides concise information of the 54 technologies, its application in real projects in India and abroad and also provides contact details of technology providers. The details of 54 innovative technologies included in the Compendium will provide synoptic view of these technologies which will be helpful to policy makers, public & private construction agencies and other concerned stakeholders for its adoption in their future housing projects.
Compendium of Innovative Emerging Technologies Click to view
NAVARITIH e-Book :Click to view
BMTPC Compendium :Click to view
The Pocket Book on Emerging Construction Systems is a readyreconer with a view to sensitize professionals including common man. The Pocket Book presents general information on the technologies in pictorial form.
Emerging Construction Systems Click to view
The then Ministry of Urban Development, Government of India set up in July 1990 the Building Materials and Technology Promotion Council (BMTPC) as an apex body to provide inter- disciplinary platform to various agencies under the Central and state Governments and the private sector to promote development and use of innovative building materials and technologies. During its decade of service BMTPC has promoted development, manufacture and use of such materials and technologies. Emphasis was laid on environmental protection through use of wastes, energy conservation, development of substitute materials for scarce materials like wood etc, disaster resistant construction technologies, and consequent social advantages of cost reduction, energy conservation and sustainable development strategies.
In order to give greater impetus to the actual use of such materials and technologies to derive the envisaged social benefits a scheme called Performance Appraisal Certification Scheme (PACS) has been instituted by Ministry of Urban Development and Poverty Alleviation, Government of India.
To make the scheme transparent and authentic, it is administered through Technical Assessment Committee (TAC) and the BMTPC board of Agreement in which scientific, technological, academic, professional organisations and industry interests are represented
Click to know about issued PACS
MODULE 7 : E-COURSES (NAVARITIH & VULNERABILITY ATLAS OF INDIA)
The e-course on Vulnerability Atlas of India has been launched by Hon’ble Minister of State (I/C) for Housing and Urban Affairs, Government of India on August 29, 2019. The e-Course is being offered jointly by the School of Planning & Architecture, New Delhi and Building Materials & Technology Promotion Council (BMTPC), New Delhi.
The objectives of the course are to: (1) Identification of vulnerable areas with respect to natural hazards namely earthquakes, wind / cyclones, landslides, floods. (2) Help individuals in evaluation of multi-hazard profile of the region and incorporating them in DPRs, Design Basis and Tenders. (3) District-wise damage risk levels to the existing housing stock. (4) Basic understanding of earthquake, flood & cyclone resistant housing, and (5) Disaster mitigation measures.
Click to Read more on Vulnerability Atlas of India.
The Course on Innovative Construction Technologies has been launched as one of the activities under “Construction Technology Year (2019-20)” which was announced by the Hon’ble Prime Minister during Construction Technology India 2019: Expo-cum-Conference under Global Housing Technology Challenge – India on 2nd March, 2019 at New Delhi. The course is being offered jointly by the School of Planning & Architecture (SPA), New Delhi and Building Materials & Technology Promotion Council (BMTPC), Ministry of Housing & Urban Affairs.
The objectives of the Course are to (1) Familiarise the professionals with the latest materials and technologies being used worldwide for housing, (2) Provide an awareness of the state of art of materials and technologies in terms of properties, specifications, performance, design and construction methodologies so that professionals can successfully employ these in their day to day practice, and (3) Provide exposure to executed projects where such materials and technologies have been implemented.
Click to know more about NAVARITIH Course.
MODULE 9 : Short Films on Use of Innovative Technologies
MODULE 6 : VIRTUAL TOUR OF LHP SITES
SITE DETAILS: Dhurva, Ranchi, Jharkhand
SITE DETAILS: Akhura Road, Agartala, Tripura, India
SITE DETAILS: Avadh Vihar, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh
SITE DETAILS: Kanadia Extension, Sanyogitaganj Mandal, Indore, Madhya Pradesh
SITE DETAILS: Raiya Smart City Area, TPS No-32, FP63/10, Rajkot, Gujarat
SITE DETAILS: Nukkampal Road, Chennai, Tamil Nadu
MODULE 8 : E-NEWSLETTER
Click to Read more..